The Shenandoah National Park Trust touches every aspect of the park we all enjoy. We help protect what you love about Shenandoah National Park, while creating programs to inspire the next generation of national park stewards.
As the official philanthropic partner of Shenandoah National Park, the Trust invests in programs and initiatives which help ensure that Shenandoah remains a crown jewel of the Park Service, an economic driver for the region, and a national treasure for all to enjoy, for generations to come.
WHY THE TRUST EXISTS
To protect Shenandoah National Park’s 200,000 acres of wild lands, wildlife and historic treasures from invasive species and climate change
To ensure national park access for all children, regardless of economic background, and inspire the next generation of preservationists and conservationists
To keep Shenandoah National Park a major economic driver for the Commonwealth of Virginia and the nation
To provide a preeminent national park an essential and trustworthy philanthropic partner dedicated to its future
BOARD & ADVISORY COUNCIL
Dave Aldrich serves as Chief Executive Officer of Research and Engineering Development, LLC (RED-INC), a leading provider of Human Factors/Human Systems Integration and Irregular Warfare solutions to the Department of Defense. He joined RED-INC in July 2010, leading an acquisition of the Company by members of the management team and outside investors. RED-INC is located in Patuxent River, MD.
Prior to joining RED-INC, Dave served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Techrizon, LLC (formerly TELOS•OK). Based in Lawton, Oklahoma, Techrizon has nearly three decades of experience as a leading provider of software development and network integration solutions primarily to the Department of Defense. TELOS•OK, formerly a division of Telos Corporation, was acquired in March 2003 by members of management, employees of the Company and outside investors. Techrizon was sold to Stanley Associates in April 2007.
Prior to leading the acquisition of TELOS•OK, Dave was President and Chief Executive Officer of Telos Corporation in Ashburn, VA. He joined Telos in 1996 as Vice President, Corporate Development and Strategy, was named Chief Operating Officer in 1999, and President and CEO in 2000.
Formerly, Dave was a partner in the Financial Advisory Services Group, Corporate Finance, at Coopers and Lybrand LLP, specializing in mergers, acquisitions, divestitures and financings. Before joining Coopers and Lybrand in 1991, Dave was a Senior Vice President at Dean Witter Capital Corporation, the merchant banking arm of Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., specializing in management-led, leveraged acquisitions.
Dave was raised in Wheaton, Illinois, and graduated in 1981 from Princeton University with a Bachelors Degree in Economics. Additionally, he holds a Masters of Business Administration from New York University. Dave and his wife Jennifer have two children and reside in Huntly, Virginia.
Andrew is Director of Urban Land with Toll Brothers Luxury Homes, overseeing it’s urban infill acquisition and development group from their Virginia headquarters in Leesburg. His work has emphasis in urban development and redevelopment of select Virginia population centers, allowing for the protection and preservation of the Commonwealth’s scenic rural areas.
Andrew received his BA from American University with a focus on environmental studies, and MS in urban and environmental planning from the University of Virginia’s School of Architecture. Interests include biographies of American innovators, hiking and working outdoors, and charitable contributions to several universities, the Mount Vernon estate, and the Washington Animal Rescue League.
A life-long Virginian, Andrew and his family have been visiting Shenandoah National Park for more than 40 years. Andrew and his wife Susan, a librarian and children’s author, enjoy their time between residences in Alexandria and Charlottesville, Virginia.
Stephen E. Nauss, most recently President of Blue Ridge Mountain Sports Inc., brings his outdoor passion as well as his business expertise to the Trust. Stephen is a native of New York, a graduate of Deerfield Academy 1968 (Mass.), and the University of Virginia 1972 (receiving a B.S. in Psychology). While in college he played four years of lacrosse during which the team garnered two NCAA championship titles. He and his family have chosen to make their home in Virginia, in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Shenandoah National Park, for the past 30+ years. Stephen enjoys many hobbies — like fly fishing, hiking, skiing, canoeing, camping, kayaking and golf –and much of his outdoor time has been spent in and around Shenandoah National Park.
Stephen and Blue Ridge Mountain Sports Inc. have long been users, caretakers, and supporters of America’s National Parks and Forests. Blue Ridge Mountain Sports Inc. is a 33-year-old retail business consisting of thirteen outdoor stores located in the mid-Atlantic and southeastern United States. It provides products, support, and guidance to enhance a customer’s outdoor appreciation, experience, and safety. It has won many accolades and awards for its community involvement, marketing creativity, and operational sensitivities. For example, in 1999 Stephen was honored by the Outdoor Industry Leadership Awards as Retailer of the Year; and in 2002 Blue Ridge Mountain Sports received the National Trails for Tomorrow award, and a Dupont award for its work with the Rivanna Trails Foundation, a ten-year project creating a trail system that encircles Charlottesville, Virginia.
Frederick S. Andreae is lives in Bentonville, VA and is the founder of Frederick Andreae Architects in Front Royal. A member of the American Institute of Architects, his firm designs a wide variety of projects for both private and public clients and has received awards for work in passive solar design and reuse/preservation of historic buildings. He received his BA and MA from Yale University.
Fred is an active community volunteer who presently serves as the National Trust for Historic Preservation representative on an advisory committee for the new Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park. He is also a founding member and President of the conservation activist group, Scenic 340 Project, Inc. which received a 2007 award from Scenic Virginia. He and his author/artist wife Christine, live in a house they built themselves on a farm that adjoins Shenandoah National Park and has been placed in permanent conservation easement. They have an enduring love of the outdoors and particularly enjoy hiking in the Park and kayaking on the Shenandoah River.
Don Baur is a partner in the Washington, DC Office of Perkins Coie LLP, where he practices environmental, natural resources, and Native American law. Don began his legal career as an attorney for the National Park Service in the Solicitor’s Office of the Department of the Interior, and later he served as General Counsel of the U.S. Marine Mammal Commission.
Don currently serves on the Board of the National Marine Sanctuary Foundation and on the Environmental Leadership Council of the Environmental Law Institute. He is lead editor and author of the American Bar Association’s books on The Endangered Species Act: Law, Policy, and Perspectives and Ocean and Coastal Law and Policy. He has served as an adjunct professor in environmental law at the Vermont Law School since 1998 and he serves as legal counsel to the Coalition of National Park Service Retirees.
Don is an active participant in activities in national parks around the country. His first experience in the Shenandoah National Park came during a backpacking trip in 1978, while he was in law school.
He is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania School of Law and Trinity College, where he graduated with a BA in History, summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa. Don, his wife Phebe Jensch, and their son Christopher, live in Alexandria, Virginia and maintain a cabin on Sand Island in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore of Lake Superior.
Matthew Boyer is Vice President of Development at American Forests, the country’s first national conservation non-profit. Matthew has more than 20 years of fundraising and nonprofit experience, focusing primarily on major gifts and donor engagement. He previously worked for the National Park Foundation, World Wildlife Fund and the National Park Conservation Association.
An avid hiker, Matthew founded a Washington, DC-based hiking club. He is also a camper and national park enthusiast, having visited more than 150 national park sites. An explorer by nature, he has traveled to some of the most remote places in the United States.
Prior to moving to Virginia in 1991, Matthew grew up in central Pennsylvania between the Bald Eagle and Nittany Mountains, where he spent his free time riding horses and was ranked as one of the top barrel racers in the state.
Shenandoah National Park is a special place for Matthew, as he has spent a great deal of time there with friends and family. Matthew lives in Fredericksburg, Virginia with his husband, Jim, and their two children, four dogs, a flock of chickens and a pig named Petunia.
Maggie Bullard serves as Vice President of Proposal Operations for Favor TechConsulting, LLC, a government contractor based in Northern Virginia that delivers IT solutions and professional services to a broad range of federal agencies. Previously, Maggie served as the Marketing Manager for Perrin Quarles Associates, Inc., an environmental consulting firm specializing in air pollution regulation and climate change solutions for national and international government agencies. Maggie spent her early professional career in the outdoors, serving as a Community Action Programs Intern for the Potomac Conservancy, a whitewater raft guide and photographer for the Nantahala Outdoor Center, and restaurant manager for a ski lodge in Alta, Utah. She received her B.A. in Studio Art from the College of William & Mary in 2001 and her M.B.A. in Marketing from the University of Utah in 2004.
Maggie is a native of Madison, Virginia. She grew up just ten minutes from Shenandoah National Park, where she enjoyed many hikes to the top of Bear Church Rock and cultivated her love for the outdoors. After eight years living out west in Salt Lake City and Park City, Utah, Maggie returned to Madison where she now resides with her husband Nick, son Chase, and daughter Maisy. They built their home in the woods, surrounded by land protected by conservation easement and views of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Maggie is a full time teleworker and enjoys trail running, hiking, biking, skiing, and walking the trails around her house with her family. She is also a volunteer Cross Country Coach and serves on the board for Grymes Memorial School.
Phebe Cambata was raised in Manhattan. When she was a child, her parents would drive her from their small cottage on the Chesapeake Bay to the Skyline Drive. She loved those trips, particularly seeing bear and deer, and those early days contributed to her great interest in animals. Phebe has always been interested in animal welfare and environmental protection, and she has been active in her efforts to support these issues. In association with the African Wildlife Foundation, she has helped to save many elephants in Africa, and she is especially interested in the protection of mountain gorillas. Although a great traveler, she has lived mostly in Bath County, Virginia since 1980, and, of course, she has special feelings for the flora and fauna of Virginia. She is a member of the Explorers Club and has been active in protecting the wildlife of Virginia as well as manatees and dolphins in Florida.
The Cambata family business is involved in commercial aviation and does ground handling services for major airlines. The family also owns an FBO in Florida, and is in the cinema business. Phebe’s four children all are involved in various aspects of the business. Having lived in many parts of the world, Phebe now resides in Millboro in Bath County, Virginia.
Dr. Dorothy A. Canter is an expert in the decontamination of bioterrorism agents and in preparedness activities for responding to and recovering from attacks with weapons of mass destruction. She played an important role in the fumigations of contaminated buildings following the 2001 anthrax attacks. Dr. Canter has published widely on anthrax remediation and risk assessment.
Before her retirement she was the principal of Dorothy Canter Consulting LLC. She also served as a senior professional biophysicist at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. She worked for the federal government for 29 years, the last 15 of which at the Environmental Protection Agency, where she served as the Chief Scientist for Bioterrorism Issues from November 2001 until June 2005. Dr. Canter received both a B.S. in mathematics and a Ph.D. in biophysics from The George Washington University.
She has been a volunteer for the National Parks Conservation Association for 27 years, serving on the Board of Trustees for nine years and in multiple capacities since then. From November 2012 to November 2015, she served as the President of the Friends of Fort Hunt Park, Inc., a unit within the National Park System. She has visited more than 250 National Park sites.
Carl is a Senior Network Design Engineer for AT&T Global Managed Services. Based in Reston, VA, he supports several major banking and insurance clients, designing and directing migration of IT operations over to cloud-based data centers located throughout North America and Europe. Prior to joining AT&T, Carl was President of SAGASYS, a provider of professional services to commercial and government clients throughout the Washington, DC metropolitan region and had served as Director of Operations for a telecommunications company in Northern Virginia.
As a board member and former President of Hunters Valley Association, he is actively involved in operations and fundraising efforts for community improvement projects and activities. In addition to local projects, the Association also supports the Hunter Mill Defense League, helping protect and preserve local scenic and historic rural byways in Fairfax County.
A life-long Virginian and Charlottesville native, Carl received a BS in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Virginia. As an Eagle Scout then later, throughout college and beyond, Carl has been a life-long user and custodian of Shenandoah National Park. Carl lives in Vienna, VA with wife, Julie Hansen, and daughter Elise. Both parents are very proud that as Elise has earned Junior Ranger badges in over 10 national parks including Glacier, Grand Teton, and of course, Shenandoah.
Henry (Hap) Connors is C.O.O. of Richlynd Federal, a contracting company specializing in helping small innovative tech companies gain access to federal, state and local opportunities. He also serves on the Commonwealth Transportation Board(CTB), representing the Fredericksburg District, and is chairman of the CTB subcommittee on innovation and technology.
Prior to Richlynd Federal, Hap served as V.P., Government and Public Affairs for the Center for Innovative Technology, a state-chartered non-profit focused on early stage research commercialization, seed investments in high-tech startups and broadband deployment – all of which are an integral part of the New Virginia Economy.
Hap has 25 years of experience in strategic marketing and communications for business, non-profit and government entities. He also served on the Spotsylvania County Board of Supervisors, after having fought to save the Chancellorsville Battlefield from development. He currently serves on the Germanna CC Education Foundation Board.
When he’s not working, Hap is cajoling his friends and daughters into taking hikes in the SNP.
Janet Eden grew up in Miami, Florida and has spent a lot of time traveling to feed her passion for our country’s national parks. In her late twenties she moved to Charlottesville, Virginia and fell deeply in love with Shenandoah National Park.
Family brought her back to Florida, but when Hurricane Andrew came through in 1992 and destroyed her community—including countless mature trees—she started a tree farm and planted replacement trees all around the area. Janet returned to school at Miami Dade College in Horticulture and Landscape Design. She became a Certified Arborist for the International Society of Arboriculture.
Eventually Janet decided to once again leave her hometown and return to the place she had loved living—Virginia—with Shenandoah National Park in her backyard. Janet has worked at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello as a Garden Guide and she is a Charlottesville Area Tree Steward, working to promote quality tree care and appreciation for our area.
Wendy retired as a Commander in the U.S. Navy after serving as a Supply Corps officer for 22 years, during which time she made multiple overseas deployments aboard ship and served in the Office of the Naval Inspector General. Now living in Richmond, Virginia, she has worked for a local non-profit managing a dog training and adoption program sponsored by the Virginia Department of Corrections
Wendy graduated from the University of Virginia with a BA in Russian Studies, from Michigan State University with an MBA and received her Master of Urban and Regional Planning from the University of Virginia. Along with spending time with her son, Wendy enjoys running, traveling, wine tasting and being outside.
Maureen Finnerty dedicated her career to the national parks, serving for over 30 years with the National Park Service. During that three decade span she spent 15 years in the Park Service’s national office in Washington, DC; three years in a regional office in Philadelphia; and 13 years in various national parks.
As Superintendent at Olympic National Park, Maureen played a key role in setting the stage for the removal of two dams on the Elwha River. With removal of these dams, the rivers are free flowing and salmon have returned to the waterways. Maureen also co-founded the park’s non-profit fundraising partner, Washington National Parks Fund.
Maureen culminated her career as Superintendent of Everglades National Park, where she oversaw the largest National Park Service restoration and co-founded the South Florida National Parks Trust. Maureen is a recipient of the Department of Interior’s Meritorious Service Award.
Maureen serves as chair on the Executive Council of the Coalition of National Park Service Retirees and also serves on the Board of the Manassas Battlefield Trust. She received her BA from Marymount College and her MAT from Fairleigh Dickinson University. Maureen is a master gardener and resides in Haymarket, Virginia.
Andrew Forward is a property developer in Harrisonburg, VA, and has won numerous awards for his developments. The Valley Conservation Council named Andrew’s City Exchange property the best downtown redevelopment project, and the Virginia Chapter of Certified Commercial Investment Members placed the same project among Virginia’s three most significant commercial real estate transactions for 2006. Virginia Downtown Development Association awarded the Urban Exchange project the Award of Excellence in 2009.
Prior to Virginia, Andrew lived in South Africa and experienced the incredible changes to the new democracy. He also greatly enjoyed the African outdoors. Andrew grew up in England, obtained his Bachelor of Science from James Madison University (JMU), and completed the Advanced Management Development Program from Harvard University. He is currently a member of the Executive Advisory Board for Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance and is on the External Advisory Committee for Research and Public Service at JMU. Andrew enjoys sharing his love for the outdoors his wife Lisa, daughter Gabriella, and son Alexander.
An attorney in Richmond, Ed heads the Corporate and Securities Litigation team of Hunton & Williams, an international firm with more than 700 lawyers. Ed has successfully represented clients in a variety of matters related to securities class actions, mergers and acquisitions, derivative suits, Securities and Exchange Commission and Department of Justice investigations, and corporate governance. He has lectured to law schools, corporate gatherings and industry conventions on defending securities and derivative litigation and securities class actions.
Prior to joining Hunton & Williams, Ed was an attorney-advisor in the Office of Legal Counsel at the Department of Justice. He clerked for the Honorable Boyce F. Martin, Jr., U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Ed has held several gubernatorial appointments in Virginia, serving as Chairman of the Virginia Charitable Gaming Commission and Vice Chairman of the State Board of Community Colleges. He is admitted to practice before the Second, Third, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh and Eleventh U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeal and the U.S. Supreme Court.
Ed is an avid landscape photographer who spends as much time as possible exploring and making pictures in his two favorite national parks: Grand Teton and Shenandoah. His work can be viewed at www.edfuhr.com. Ed is married and has three children.
Kim Gilliam has been involved in the creation and direction of dynamic fundraising efforts for the past twenty five years. Following his graduation from the University of North Carolina with degrees in both Business Administration and English, Kim worked for several years as a VISTA volunteer in North Dakota in various community organizing roles. From 1988-2002 he was the Chief Development Officer for the Southern Environmental Law Center, based in Charlottesville, Virginia. During his fourteen year tenure the organization grew from a $500,000 to a $5 million annual budget. He was primarily responsible for building a nationally recognized individual major gifts program that grew to generate fifty percent of the organization’s annual budget.
Since 2003, Kim has managed a full time consulting practice working with boards and staffs of a national client base in developing fundraising plans and major gift and capital campaign efforts. He does extensive training for both staffs and boards in fundraising across the US and Canada , and has worked as the lead major gifts training consultant for the Institute for Conservation Leadership in Washington, DC. The Institute recognized Kim as “one of the most successful major donor fundraisers working with environmental and social justice causes throughout the country”. He is also a Senior Fundraising Associate for the Santa Fe based Training Resources for the Environmental Community.
Kim works from his home outside of Charlottesville, and when not traveling for clients, he enjoys a view of a flank of the Shenandoah National Park from his office window.
Patrice is a retired Nurse Practitioner after 18 years at UVA and a total of 37 years as a nurse. Her clinical background in oncology integrated the concepts of healthy lifestyle in the prevention of disease as well as the healing powers of nature. Hiking in Shenandoah National Park is a prescription she routinely gave to her patients to build up strength after cancer treatment.
Growing up in Western New York near the Finger Lakes region, Patrice found plenty of opportunity for family hiking, biking and skiing in her formative years. Her education includes a B.S. in Nursing from Villanova University and and M.S. in Nursing from Indiana University. After a short stay in Indiana, she and her family were thrilled to make the move to Virginia and find Shenandoah National Park in their backyard. She and her family (2 daughters and 3 grandchildren) have enjoyed numerous excursions and celebrations in the park during the past 21 years in Virginia.
At present Patrice and her husband, Scott, are partners in an environmental consulting business. She manages finances for 3D EnviroLogics, LLC, a healthcare and laboratory hazardous material program provider. She is also currently a volunteer at a local food pantry and advocate for Patient and Friends Cancer Research at UVA.
After teaching elementary school in Rockingham County, Virginia, Cindy has provided fundraising and event planning services to numerous non-profit organizations. She currently works for James Madison University as Stewardship Coordinator in the office of Donor Relations and is on the External Advisory Board for Research and Public Service at JMU. In this capacity, Cindy has helped develop and enhance educational opportunities for a diverse group of learners.
A native of the Shenandoah Valley, Cindy graduated from James Madison University with a B.S. in Sociology and is currently working on her Master’s of Public Administration. She is also a student in JMU’s Non-profit Management Certificate Program. Cindy is past president of Peak View Elementary’s PTA and continues to participate as a board member of the group. She has also served two terms as president of the JMU Women’s Club. Cindy lives in Harrisonburg with her three sons, where they all enjoy hiking, biking, skiing, and camping.
Taylor Odom is a partner at the law firm Luke & Odom and currently practices in Washington, Virginia. He also serves as legal counsel to the Rappahannock County Water and Sewer Authority.
Taylor hails from St. Francisville, Louisiana, a historic town on the Mississippi River. Taylor attended Tulane University and was a student there when Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans. He spent one semester at Louisiana State University while Tulane repaired its campus. Taylor returned to Tulane when it reopened and graduated with a degree in Political Science.
After finishing his education at Tulane, Taylor moved to France to teach English. While in France Taylor learned to speak French fluently and since then has studied both German and Spanish.
Upon returning to the United States from France, Taylor enrolled in Loyola University New Orleans College of Law. While attending law school he met his wife, a Rappahannock County native. After graduating law school he moved to Virginia to join his wife in Charlottesville.
In his spare time Taylor plays tennis, continues to study languages, and has taken up squash. Taylor and his wife, Christina, currently reside in Albemarle County and spend many of their weekends in Rappahannock County enjoying the great outdoors with family and friends.
Katy Powell is Professor of English and Director of the Center for Rhetoric in Society at Virginia Tech, where she teaches courses in autobiography, research methods, and human rights rhetorics. She has written two books about the displacement of families in the 1930s when Shenandoah National Park was formed, The Anguish of Displacement (2007) and Answer at Once: Letters of Mountain Families in Shenandoah National Park, 1934-1938 (2009). Studying the hand-written letters of displaced residents to the government, Katy’s research examines the ways that residents represented themselves to state and park officials as their relocations approached. In addition to these two books, she co-produced a documentary film (with filmmaker Richard Robinson), which includes oral history interviews with descendants of displaced families.
Katy grew up in Madison County and has hiked most of the trails in the Shenandoah National Park. After completing a B.A. at Mary Washington College, an M.A. at George Mason University, and a Ph.D. at University of Louisville, Katy taught at Louisiana State University for six years. She now lives in Blacksburg, Virginia, with her husband and son.
Todd Ruelle currently serves as Chairman & CEO of Fine Point Technologies, Inc, a New York City based software technology company. He also advises Cerberus Capital Management through the Communications Advisory Group on mergers and acquisitions and on corporate strategy. Todd is an accomplished public speaker and presenter on new technologies and their place in telecommunications.
Todd was awarded the 1996 WorldCom Group’s “Entrepreneur of the Year” designation, was a finalist for Inc. Magazine’s “Entrepreneur of the Year” designation in 1994 and 1995. He was recognized in 1993 by President Clinton for creating the country’s first taxi service fueled by natural gas (Clean Air Cab Company) and was a Presidential Appointee to the White House Conference on Small Business. Todd is a participant at the World Economic Forum annually as well as its regional events. He is well traveled throughout the world with expertise in Europe, Asia and the Middle East.
In 2001, Bill retired from Unilever after 29 years of service. Bill began his career with Unilever as a salesman and retired as Director of Operations and Communications, having overseen several of the committees involved in the merger of Lever Brothers, Chesebrough-Ponds and Helene Curtis. Bill served as a member of the Company Environment Team, which for 20 years partnered with the National Parks Foundation to supply recycled plastic as plastic lumber to national parks. The walkways around Old Faithful are among the Environment Team’s signature projects.
Bill and his wife Peggy reside in Crozet, Virginia, where he served as Chairman of the Fundraising Committee for the Crozet Library Project. Bill received a Bachelor of Business Administration in marketing from Texas A&M, Kingsville.
Greg Yates founded Yates Properties, LC in 1987. He serves as Principal Broker for the firm, which owns and manages over 300 commercial and residential properties, and self-storage facilities in central Virginia. Greg is also the owner of Deer Ridge Development, Inc., a real estate development company.
Greg graduated from the University of Richmond with a BA in Economics. He was elected to the Culpeper County Board of Supervisors and served on its Planning Commission. He is a former trustee of Wakefield School and St. Luke’s School. Currently he is a board member of the State Theatre Foundation which is restoring a 1938 art deco performing arts center.
Greg and his wife Liz live in Culpeper with their daughter Jessica. His son Cameron is a documentary filmmaker in New York City. Greg’s hobbies include tennis, hiking, skiing and music.
Ethan Carr – Amherst, MA
Hullihen Williams Moore – Richmond, VA
John Reynolds – Crozet, VA
Peter Rice – Madison, VA
V.R. Shackelford – Orange, VA
Rebecca Trafton – Boulder, CO
Susan Dryden Whitson – Washington, VA
Bill Bailey – Charlottesville, VA
Paul Cantrell – Charlottesville, VA
Frank Conle – Charlottesville, VA
Eduardo Katz – Charlottesville, VA
Peggy Quarles – Charlottesville, VA